Literal translation: Zionism
Zionism comes from the biblical word "Zion" which is often used to describe Jerusalem and the Land of Israel. Zionism is an ideology of which supports a return to Israel and a Jewish State.
The core idea of Zionism appears in Israel's Declaration of Independence:
"The Land of Israel was the birthplace of the Jewish people. Here their spiritual, religious, and political identity was shaped. Here they first attained to statehood, created cultural values of national and universal significance, and gave to the world the eternal Book of Books. After being forcibly exiled from their land, the people kept faith with it throughout their dispersion and never ceased to pray and hope for their return to it and for the restoration in it of their political freedom."